PREFACE. In preparing this volume neither labour nor expense has been spared; and I send it out to the public feeling confident that no such gallery of photographs, giving the exact picture of every day life of Japanese, has ever been presented before in one volume. Being printed by the collotype process, which has of late become very popular, the pictures herein contained are true to nature and free from any retouches by the artist. Moreover, unlike ordinary photographs, these collotype pictures are really permanent, in the sense that they will not fade in any length of time. I have to acknowledge my indebtedness to Messrs. K. Tamamura and S. Kajima, as well as to Prof. Burton for several of the plates in this volume. K. Ogawa. Tokyo: May 28th 1896.